邁向一個親近自然的未來:文化、美學與人性(上)

邁向一個親近自然的未來:文化、美學與人性(上)

TOWARDS A BIOPHILIC FUTURE: Culture, Beauty, and Human Nature pt.1

Juhani Pallasmaa |翻譯:王品禾

過往二十年間,為數可觀的建築類出版物、眾多令人讚嘆的知名建築案的出現,均闡明著一個現象:我們正經歷一個無前例可循的時代,一個建築能讓人感到狂喜入迷、興奮陶醉的時代。當前財富的積累、全球性的資本流動以及世界級的商業曝光度競爭,都順理成章地助長了對於建築的迷戀與亢奮。新興的材料技術、新潮的數位化設計、新穎的生產方式,為建築於構築技術上開闢了前所未有的可能性,並使幾乎所有原停留於想像層次的發明具有可實踐性。隨著「建築」展現了這種空前絕後的自信,令人驚豔的構造物開始矗立於世界各處的商業、資本中心。當然了,對於上述現象,我所談的範圍限於富裕的工業化社會,畢竟相較之下在世界上絕大多數的地方,建築所面臨的現實條件可謂大相徑庭。(全文請見《實構築季刊》08期)

During the past two decades, the profusion of architectural publications as well as the spectacular character of the publicized projects suggest that we are experiencing an unforeseen era of architectural ecstasy and euphoria. The current accumulations of wealth, global fluidity of capital, and the world-wide competition for commercial visibility, have no doubt, given rise to this development. New material technologies and novel computerised design and production methods have opened up unforeseen technical possibilities for architecture and made practically any conceivable formal invention technically feasible. As a consequence of this unforeseen architectural hubris, astonishing structures are rising in the commercial capitals of the world. It goes without saying, that I am here speaking of the wealthy industrialized world, as the architectural reality in the vast majority of the world is quite different.