New Generation of Biomimicry Adaptive Architecture Made from a 1/4 of a Million Trashed PET Bottles
Skywing, the pneumatic smart canopy, was targeted to be one of the lowest carbon footprints buildings in the world, engineered to perform like a pair of “live” Seagull wings that actively adapt to its environmental surrounding. Biomimicry is an understatement, from the molecular structure of the architecture textile derived from used bottles to the modular solar powered air-filled structure wings, Skywing pavilion is pioneering in the data driven adaptive architecture of tomorrow.
First, the design team minimized the use of steel structure, using only eight fixed columns to cover 3000sqm (32000sqft). The pavilion was modularized into 8 structural pneumatic (air filled) wings which were unfolded and assembled within two days.
Active Sheltering Structure
Each wing consists of three main elements that is constantly morphing and changing: a main column “Mast”, a supporting cross beam “Keel”, and the pneumatic canopy “Wing”, while masts and keels act as main and only supports, the “Wing”, an adaptive pneumatic canopy harnessing the power of air mechanical structure, can withstand its shape against high winds or heavy rain while at the same time, provides air insulation layer with its inner air chambers, deflecting up to 80% of surface radiation and temperature. The fixed configuration with active small corrections allows for predominant fresh winds, to flow across and through the wings, keeping shaded temperatures within comfort levels in a tropical climate.
Actively React to Environmental Condition
Pneumatic Mechanical Shell Structure is based on Internal Air Pressure regulator: The pneumatic smart system, controlled by digital pressure sensors reacting actively to environmental loadings and sending this information to controllers to trigger air pumps inside each canopy, therefore, temperature, humidity, and wind are constantly shaping the canopy, changing stiffness and height of pneumatic structure.
Trashed Bottle into SPACE-AGE Architecture Material
The textile material of the pneumatic canopy was manufactured from over two tons/ 250,000 post-consumer recycled water bottles turned into high performance 2000 D (Denier) yarn which became the architecture grade fabric that structures the whole canopy.